STEREOPHONIC SOUND calls for three dolly mounted microphones, whose shadows must be flooded out with special lighting. Twentieth Century-Fox is testing the comparative

quality of multiple sound tracks on the picture film, and independent sound tracks which would be synchronized in theater projection booths.

with another anamorphic lens and presto - Burl Ives expands to his proper proportions, flanked by a breathtaking setting half a city block wide!
Not since Al Jolson opened his mouth to fill American flicker houses with synchronized sound, has science offered the movie industry anything so charged with entertainment possibilities as this amazing peripheral-vision lens developed in 1937 by a modest French scientist named Henri Chretien.
In a neat housing hardly larger than a king size pack of cigarettes, the anamorphic lens produces a wide-screen picture comparable in size to the image achieved by Cinerama. But unlike Cinerama, Cinemascope (Twentieth Century-Fox's trade name for anamorphic productions) has no disturbing, filmlapping edges, no change of color values.

Different from Wide-Screen Classics

Don't confuse Cinemascope with so-called wide-screen classics now going the rounds of the larger metropolitan theaters. Unlike Cinemascope, they are narrowed - down, conventional films.

Quick change artists have simply placed a shadow mask behind the film track of a standard projector, then spread the image with a wide-angle lens.
Apart from scalping the actors and chopping their legs off at the thighs, it also magnifies the film grain to the atom-smashing point, giving fair-faced starlets more freckles than Arthur Godfrey.
Cinemascope, too, must be magnified. But because the height of the image has not been reduced by the anamorphic lens, the grain appears on the screen in the form of barely noticeable microscopic horizontal threads.
But the real impact of Cinemascope will come from brand-new technical tricks and radical changes in film directing. If you have seen Cinerama you know how wide-screen productions can engulf you in a Technicolor arc charged with breathtaking action, beauty and stereophonic sound. That two-hour assortment of shorts used every ocular and audio gimmick of the trade to chill and thrill you.
Cinemascope must do more. To take a permanent place in the entertainment world, it must make you forget that it


Popular Science, August, 1953
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Original material ©1953 Popular Science Publishing Company
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